At the Law Office of B.D. Williams, you can turn to a trusted legal professional who has decades of experience, national recognition as a trial lawyer, and who exclusively practices criminal defense for clients in and around Indianapolis, Tippecanoe County, and Madison County. Our Indianapolis homicide defense attorney brings strong credentials to your defense which is what is needed in such serious allegations. We can thoroughly review all aspects of your arrest, the law enforcement investigation, police procedure, and more in search of evidence favorable to you. Our firm can then devise the strongest possible defense strategy on your behalf.
Types of Homicide Charges in Indiana
Homicide consists of the unlawful killing of another person. It can be committed in various ways according to Indiana law. These various types of homicide are based on the accused person’s role in the action, his or her intent, and how the actions taken led to the victim’s death. Regardless of the type of homicide involved, if you are being investigated for or have been arrested for homicide, you need the help of an experienced Indianapolis homicide defense lawyer. Your choice of an attorney may be one of the most defining factors in the outcome of your case.
Indiana law has established seven types of homicide:
- Murder - This involves the intentional killing of another. Please refer to our page on Murder for further information.
- Causing suicide - This is done by force or deception and is charged as a Level 3 felony.
- Assisting suicide - This done by providing the means for the victim to commit suicide or by participating in the act. It is charged as a Level 5 felony.
- Voluntary manslaughter - This is the knowing or intentional killing of another while in the “sudden heat” of the moment. It is charged as a Level 2 felony.
- Involuntary manslaughter - This involves the killing of another while committing or attempting to commit another crime that would pose the risk of serious bodily injury. It is charged as a Level 5 felony.
- Reckless homicide - This is the reckless killing of another and is charged as a Level 5 felony.
- Feticide - This is the knowing or intentional killing of a fetus (does not include legal abortion) and is charged as a Level 3 felony.
Indiana Homicide Penalties
Indiana felony punishments for homicide include fines of up to $10,000 and the following prison terms:
- Level 2 Felony: 10 – 30 years (advisory sentence: 17.5 years)
- Level 3 Felony: Three – 15 years (advisory sentence: nine years)
- Level 5 felony: One – Six years (advisory sentence: three years)
An “advisory sentence” is a recommended sentence that the court may or may not take into consideration when determining sentencing for a homicide punishment. In all cases, aggravating circumstances can result in a stiffer sentence while mitigating circumstances can lead to a more lenient sentence.
The Death Penalty
Indiana is one of the states that still allows for the death penalty as a punishment for murder. In order for an individual to receive the death sentence they must have been at least 18 years old at the time the murder was committed. Individuals who were under 18 when committing a murder may be eligible for life in prison without the possibility of parole, but not the death penalty.
To be sentenced to death in Indiana, the prosecuting attorney must prove that at least one aggravating circumstance was present when the crime was committed and that there are no other mitigating circumstances that may outweigh them. These aggravating circumstances are laid out in Indiana homicide laws. The qualifying aggravating circumstances include:
- Murder committed when committing or attempting to commit: burglary, arson, child molesting, kidnapping, rape, carjacking, robbery, criminal gang activity
- Murder committed by “lying in wait”
- Murder committed by intentionally detonating an explosive device
- Previous conviction of or commitment of murder
- A murder in which the victim was burned, mutilated, or tortured while alive
- A murder in which the victim was dismembered
- A murder in which the individual was paid or hired to kill the individual
- The murder was committed while in custody, on probation, or on parole
- The murder was committed by intentionally firing a gun into a home or vehicle
- The murder victim was a probation officer, police officer, judge or fireman killed on-duty or because of their occupation
- The murder victim was under 12 years old
- The murder victim was also a victim of another violent crime for which the defendant was convicted
- The murder victim was a witness in a case against the defendant
- The victim was pregnant and the fetus was also killed
Death Penalty Appeals Process in Indiana
If you do face death penalty charges, even after being convicted you have multiple opportunities to appeal your case at both the state and federal level:
- Direct Appeal to the Indiana Supreme Court - This review will work to identify any legal issues that occurred during your trial, conviction, and sentencing
- State Post-Conviction Review - This review will focus on determining whether there were any factual issues that occurred during your trial, including whether you received competent counsel
- Federal Habeas Corpus Review - This review focuses specifically on any violations of your constitutional rights
Homicide Defenses in Indiana
If you are being charged with homicide or murder, you may be able to reduce the charges or the penalties you are facing by having your homicide defense attorney introduce mitigating circumstances. Mitigating circumstances refer to any additional information that a jury or judge should be aware of that may cause them to deliver a lighter sentence or punishment for the crime committed. Some examples of mitigating circumstances in a murder defense include:
- If you had no significant criminal history prior to the homicide
- If you were experiencing extreme mental or emotional upheaval when the murder was committed
- If you lacked the ability to understand your actions and the law because of a mental defect, disease, or intoxication
- If you committed the act because you were coerced or under the control of another person
- If you were only an accomplice and not the primary actor in the homicide
- If the victim was a willing participant
Attorney Williams is a skilled homicide defense lawyer who has what it takes to fight for your rights. If you need legal representation in a homicide case, contact the Law Office of B.D. Williams today by calling (317) 458-9911 or contacting us online.
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No matter what type of homicide charge you face, getting convicted can result in serious criminal penalties, including a lengthy prison sentence, fines worth tens of thousands of dollars, and a permanent criminal record that can cause irreparable damage to your personal life and professional reputation. When facing such charges, you need to hire a criminal defense attorney who has experience defending clients with similar circumstances.
If you have been accused of committing homicide in Indiana, let the Law Office of B.D. Williams protect your rights, reputation, and freedom. With more than two decades of experience, our Indianapolis homicide lawyer knows what it takes to vigorously defend you inside and outside the courtroom and help you obtain the most favorable result in your case. Do not wait to let us get started on developing your aggressive and personalized defense strategy immediately.
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